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So, what are the typical elements of a Federation style home?

Australian Federation style architecture emerged in the late 19th century and was predominant in Australia until the end of the First World War. The style is characterized by a blend of British and American architectural influences, and it reflects the Australian culture and identity. The Federation style was popularized in response to the emerging Australian nationalism and the desire to establish a unique architectural style that was distinct from the European architectural styles.

Typical Design Elements

The Federation style architecture is characterized by several design elements that set it apart from other architectural styles. These include:

A Federation style home featuring bay windows, red brick, verandahs and timber fretwork
A typical Federation style home

1. Steep Roofs: Federation homes often have steeply pitched roofs, which may be covered with shingles or tiles. The steep roofs allowed for better rainwater drainage and also provided additional living space in the form of attic rooms.

2. Ornate Gables: Gables were a prominent feature of Federation homes, and they were often decorated with intricate timber fretwork or plaster mouldings. The gables often incorporated decorative features such as finials, brackets, and corbels.

3. Verandas: Federation homes typically had a veranda that ran the length of the front of the house. Verandas were an important feature of Federation homes as they provided shade and protection from the harsh Australian sun.

4. Turrets: Turrets were a popular feature of Federation homes, and they were often used to create a grand entrance to the home. Turrets were typically made from brick or stone and were decorated with ornate plasterwork.

5. Stained Glass: Stained glass was a common feature of Federation homes, and it was often used in the front door or in the windows of the home. Stained glass was used to create a sense of grandeur and to allow light to filter into the home.

6. Bay Windows: Bay windows were another popular feature of Federation homes, and they were often used to create additional living space or to create a feature in the facade of the home.

7. Red Brick: Red brick was the most commonly used building material for Federation homes, and it was used to create a sense of solidity and permanence. The brickwork was often decorated with intricate patterns or motifs.

8. Timber Fretwork: Timber fretwork was a popular decorative element of Federation homes, and it was used to create intricate patterns and designs in the eaves and gables of the home.

Benefits of Federation Style Architecture

Federation style architecture has many benefits, both practical and aesthetic. Firstly, it is well-suited to the Australian climate, with steeply pitched roofs providing excellent rainwater drainage and verandas providing shade and protection from the sun. The use of red brick as a building material also provides good insulation, keeping the home cool in summer and warm in winter.

From an aesthetic standpoint, the Federation style is both grand and welcoming, with ornate gables, stained glass windows, and intricate timber fretwork creating a sense of grandeur and elegance. The style is also uniquely Australian, reflecting the country's culture and identity and providing a sense of pride and ownership for those who live in these homes.

In conclusion, Australian Federation style architecture is a unique and distinctive architectural style that reflects the country's culture and identity. The style is well-suited to the Australian climate and provides both practical and aesthetic benefits for homeowners. The Federation style is an important part of Australia's architectural heritage and will continue to be admired and cherished for generations to come.


Think you prefer Australian Hampton's style? Either way, we love working with a Federation style home and bring a wealth of knowledge and experience to a Sydney projects of this style and scale. Like to know more? Fill in our 5 minute questionnaire

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